LGUs Urged: Enforce a “No CCTV, No Business Permit” Policy

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THE Department of Home Affairs and Local Government (DILG) has urged Local Government Units (LGUs) nationwide to issue ordinances requiring the installation of Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) systems as a precondition for the issuance of business licenses to establishments serving a large number of customers, and to those exposed to risk or danger.

In a statement posted on the DILG website, Secretary of Interior and Local Government Eduardo Año, who is also concurrent president of the National Council for Peace and Order, said that as people return to their pre-pandemic habits, public safety must be a priority for LGUs. and “CCTV are applicable technologies that should be used to keep criminal activities and their perpetrators at bay”.

“Remember that I demand CCTV to be installed. People are going out of their homes and various establishments these days due to the drop in Covid-19 cases and a CCTV system is a powerful tool that can assist LGUs in ensuring public safety, deterring crime, and identifying and apprehending perpetrators,” Año said.

“This one is particular to LGU which uses Sanggunian malaki ang ambag nito (CCTVs) in natin kontra kriminalidad font,” he added.

Through DILG Memorandum Circular 2022-060, Año stated that among the establishments that should have CCTVs are financial institutions such as banks, pawnbrokers, money lenders, and money transfer services. money and others; commercial establishments with several branches and chains; malls, malls, supermarkets, wet markets; and medical facilities such as hospitals, clinics and laboratories.

Entertainment venues such as theatres, cinemas, perya, internet cafes, arcades and other venues that attract a considerable number of customers; airports, public transport terminals, car parks and other similar establishments that accommodate a large number of vehicles; car dealerships, service stations, vehicle service/maintenance stations; and other similar commercial establishments deemed necessary by the LGU should also have CCTV cameras, according to Año.

“Malaki for maitutulong en pagpapanatili business establishments of kaayusan in their community by not prioritizing the installation of CCTV in their negotiations. We must work in synergy for a more peaceful community,” Año added.

Año said CCTV footage has always supplemented the investigation of law enforcement units and led to the resolution of many criminal cases. He said surveillance cameras have helped investigate high-profile cases, producing vital leads for police investigators.

“We have already made significant progress in reducing the country’s crime rate over the past five years. It is imperative that we maintain this progress and implement innovative policies that can further improve peace and order in our communities,” Año added.

Enhanced CCTV specs, location

DILG Under-Secretary and Spokesperson Jonathan Malaya said CCTV cameras must adhere to updated guidelines set by the national government and the DILG.

“We come across instances where the audio or video quality makes it difficult to detect offenders, therefore we urge LGUs to implement enhanced CCTVs for the peace of mind of our fellow Filipinos,” Malaya added.

As recommended by the Philippine National Police’s Cybercrime Unit, the CCTV cameras required must have the minimum specifications of a high-definition analog camera or at least a 2-megapixel digital camera; Minimum illumination of 0.1 lux; 2.88mm to 3.6mm focal length; Iris autofocus lens; Shutter speed from 1/30s to 1/50,000s; 0-180 degree pan and tilt adjustment and 0-360 degree rotation adjustment; and anti-vandalism for outdoor cameras with IP 66 waterproof housing, among others.

For audio and video input, CCTV cameras must be of the hybrid type “which accepts both analog and digital signals” with a minimum of four camera inputs; video and audio stream input; H.264 video compression and G.711u audio compression; and, a hard drive storage system that can record 40 days for DVR with four cameras at 1080p.

Meanwhile, output 720p or 1080p resolution video/audio; 3 frames per second; and, at least 10 megabytes per second of video bit rate and at least 64 kilobits of audio bit rate are required for video and audio output.

Other specifications include a centralized power supply for the video recorder and cameras; and, an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) to provide standard and reasonable backup power for the video recorder and cameras.

In terms of installation, cameras should be installed in a secure location with maximum coverage area of ​​entrances and exits and transaction or risk areas ensuring there are no blind spots . Recommended recording distances should be 10 feet (3 meters) and more for general monitoring; 5 to 7 feet (1.5 to 2 m) for facial recognition; and 3 to 4 feet (1 to 1.2 m) for plate recognition in parking lots and should be mounted in secure or concealed locations to prevent deliberate tampering.

Even before Año’s statement was released, some LGUs like Cebu City have already approved ordinances requiring commercial establishments and even residential subdivisions and condominiums to install CCTV systems.

In 2018, City Council approved an amendment to City Ordinance (CO) 2381, Restaurants, Bars, and Fast Food Chains that Operate 24 Hours; and leisure facilities and spas, among other business establishments with gross annual sales of not less than P5 million, are required to install CCTV cameras.

When CO 2381 was approved, it only covered banks, money changers, credit institutions, jewelry pawnbrokers, gas stations, internet shops, private schools, factories, markets private dry and wet rooms, hotels, motels, inns, travel agencies, cafes, flea markets, terminals and other retail establishments.

Shopping centres, private hospitals, churches and private paid parking lots are also covered by the ordinance.

The amending ordinance also requires owners and managers of commercial establishments and presidents of promoters to retain all surveillance tapes and images for handing over to police or other law enforcement authorities. in case a crime occurs in their area.

Under CO 2381, violators will be fined 2,000 pesos for the first offense, 3,000 pesos for the second offense and 5,000 pesos for the third offense, including closure of the business establishment or dismissal development permit for the residential subdivision or condominium. . (PR)

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